Pulsatile Tinnitus Caused by an Aberrant Artery

Discussion in 'Support' started by Frédéric, Nov 12, 2020.

    1. Frédéric

      Frédéric Member Podcast Patron Benefactor Advocate

      Location:
      Marseille, France
      Tinnitus Since:
      11/19/2012
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      acoustic trauma
      Pulsatile tinnitus caused by an aberrant artery running over the surface of mastoid bone

      Objective
      Pulsatile tinnitus (PT) caused by an aberrant artery is rare. We report an unprecedented cause of PT resulting from an aberrant artery coursing the mastoid surface, and qualitatively discuss the pathophysiology of PT.

      Methods
      This case study reports a 41-year-old woman who presented with persistent PT at her right retromastoid region. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed an aberrant branch of the artery that coursed over the cortex of the mastoid bone. Surgical ligation of this aberrant artery was performed under local anesthesia.

      Results
      Intraoperative findings suggested that PT transmitted via bone-conduction route due to the direct contact of the vascular and mastoid surface. PT was completely resolved upon surgical removal of this causative segment. Ultrasonographic and hemodynamic analysis showed that the turbulent kinetic energy and high regional wall pressure were the major contributory factors causing PT. Spectro-temporal analysis showed that PT fluctuates at frequency 500~2000 Hz, which differs from those of venous PT.

      Conclusion
      Judicious preoperative and intraoperative assessments of PT ensure the surgical efficacy of PT. Objective ultrasonographic and computational studies can provide detailed hydroacoustic characteristics of PT.

      Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0385814620301541
       
      • Informative Informative x 1
    2. AUTHOR
      AUTHOR
      Frédéric

      Frédéric Member Podcast Patron Benefactor Advocate

      Location:
      Marseille, France
      Tinnitus Since:
      11/19/2012
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      acoustic trauma
      Another case of aberrant artery (in another place).

      Endoscopic Intervention of Aberrant Carotid Artery in the Middle Ear.

      OBJECTIVE:To describe surgical management for transcanal endoscopic ear surgery (TEES) in two patients with aberrant internal carotid artery (ICA) in the middle ear.

      PATIENTS:A young girl who complained of pulsatile tinnitus and an elderly man who presented with ear bleeding. Otoendoscopy examination revealed a pulsatile reddish mass protruding through the tympanic membrane in both patients.

      INTERVENTIONS:A combination of clinical assessments and imaging supported the diagnosis of aberrant ICA in the middle ear. Transcanal endoscopic reinforcement of the artery was performed; tragal cartilage was used as a shield to strengthen the carotid canal defect.

      RESULTS:Assisted by fine endoscopic instruments, the protruding arteries were separated without damage to the surrounding structures and reinforced using tragal cartilage. Both patients' symptoms improved postoperatively; they reported tinnitus relief and hearing improvement.

      CONCLUSION:To prevent catastrophic events, diagnosis of aberrant ICA is important before any surgical intervention. With appropriate management, surgical intervention using transcanal endoscopic ear surgery offers a clear view of the surgical field and is an excellent choice for management of aberrant ICA.

      Source: https://europepmc.org/article/med/33156236
       

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