The Neural Correlates of Subjectively Perceived and Passively Matched Loudness Perception ...

Discussion in 'Research News' started by daedalus, Apr 20, 2015.

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    1. daedalus

      daedalus Member

      Location:
      Brussels
      Tinnitus Since:
      04/2007
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4389054/#brb3331-bib-0027

      Confirms the poor opinion i have of the loudness matchings used to attempt to measure tinnitus.

      Abstract
      Introduction

      A fundamental question in phantom perception is determining whether the brain creates a network that represents the sound intensity of the auditory phantom as measured by tinnitus matching (in dB), or whether the phantom perception is actually only a representation of the subjectively perceived loudness.

      Methods
      In tinnitus patients, tinnitus loudness was tested in two ways, by a numeric rating scale for subjectively perceived loudness and a more objective tinnitus‐matching test, albeit it is still a subjective measure.

      Results
      Passively matched tinnitus does not correlate with subjective numeric rating scale, and has no electrophysiological correlates. Subjective loudness, in a whole‐brain analysis, is correlated with activity in the left anterior insula (alpha), the rostral/dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (beta), and the left parahippocampus (gamma). A ROI analysis finds correlations with the auditory cortex (high beta and gamma) as well. The theta band links gamma band activity in the auditory cortex and parahippocampus via theta–gamma nesting.

      Conclusions
      Apparently the brain generates a network that represents subjectively perceived tinnitus loudness only, which is context dependent. The subjective loudness network consists of the anterior cingulate/insula, the parahippocampus, and the auditory cortex. The gamma band activity in the parahippocampus and the auditory cortex is functionally linked via theta–gamma nested lagged phase synchronization.



      From te main article:



      Conclusion

      This study shows that the brain encodes the subjective loudness of a phantom sound, but not the passively matched tinnitus loudness. There is no correlation between the objectively measured loudness and the subjectively perceived loudness. The subjectively perceived loudness is related to the amount of distress the person feels in contrast to the passively matched loudness. For the passively matched loudness, no cerebral correlates can be found. The subjectively perceived loudness is encoded by activity in multiple areas, consisting of the rostral/dorsal anterior cingulate, insula and parahippocampus, as well as the auditory cortex. How loud a phantom sound is perceived critically depends on the lagged phase theta functional connectivity between the parahippocampal area and auditory cortex, and the loudness encoding gamma oscillations in the auditory cortex are functionally linked to the parahippocampal area via nesting on the theta wave.

      By passively matched loudness they mean an auditory loudness match in an audiologist booth. What some specialists are fond of using to tell you that your tinnitus "cannot be loud because it is only X decibels".
       
      • Informative Informative x 1
    2. Markku
      Inspired

      Markku Director Staff Benefactor Hall of Fame Team Trobalt Team Tech Team Awareness Team Research

      Tinnitus Since:
      04/2010
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Syringing
      Excellent. Thank you for posting the study.
       

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