Tinnitus and Autism

Discussion in 'Research News' started by Peter Q, Nov 23, 2021.

    1. Peter Q

      Peter Q Member

      Location:
      Ireland
      Tinnitus Since:
      2009
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Unknown
      I wonder if some people with tinnitus may be on the autistic spectrum. According to one study, 35% of people with Asperger's syndrome are affected by tinnitus, which is much more than in the general population.

      Tinnitus and hyperacusis in autism spectrum disorders with emphasis on high functioning individuals diagnosed with Asperger's Syndrome

      Objectives
      To evaluate the prevalence of tinnitus and hyperacusis in individuals with Asperger's Syndrome (AS).

      Methods
      A home-developed case-history survey and three item-weighted questionnaires: Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire (TRQ), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), and the Hyperacusis Questionnaire (HQ) were employed. These tools categorize the subjective response to tinnitus and hyperacusis. The research tools were mailed to a mailing list of individuals with Asperger's Syndrome.

      Results
      A total of 55 subjects diagnosed with AS were included in the analysis (15.5% response rate). Sixty-nine percent of all respondents (38/55) reported hyperacusis with an average HQ score of 20.7. Furthermore, 35% (19/55) reported perceiving tinnitus with average scores of 27 for the TRQ and 23 for the THI. Thirty-one percent (17/55) reported both hyperacusis and tinnitus. The prevalence of hyperacusis in the AS respondents remained relatively constant across age groups.

      Conclusions
      Hyperacusis and tinnitus are more prevalent in the ASD population subgroup diagnosed with AS under DSM-IV criteria than in the general public. Hyperacusis also appears to be more prevalent in the AS population than in the ASD population at large. Future research is warranted to provide insight into the possible correlation between tinnitus and hyperacusis symptoms and the abnormal social interactions observed in this group.
       
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    2. Sugar_Boy
      Balanced

      Sugar_Boy Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      03-12-2020
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      neurasthenia
      I was a little quiet.
       
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    3. MiniMarshmallow

      MiniMarshmallow Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      9/2/2021
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Unknown
      I happen to be diagnosed with ADHD (predominantly inattentive type) before I gained my tinnitus. Though they aren't the same, ADHD and ASD are related in several ways, and if I remember correctly many people who have ASD tend to have low-level ADHD and vice versa.

      I wonder if there is any correlation between ADHD and tinnitus as well?
       
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    4. AUTHOR
      AUTHOR
      Peter Q

      Peter Q Member

      Location:
      Ireland
      Tinnitus Since:
      2009
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Unknown
      There probably is a connection between ADHD and tinnitus. Both share traits of fixed ideas, excessive self focus and lack of attention to the outside/external environment.
       
    5. Stacken77
      Wishful

      Stacken77 Member Benefactor Hall of Fame

      Location:
      Sweden
      Tinnitus Since:
      October 2020
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Noise (likely headphones & cars), Acoustic trauma did me in
      Tinnitus in and of itself share none of these traits as it's strictly a sound, a very real one to the receiver. It may however cause self focus, in the same way as pain (chronic or not) directs attention to itself - a very understandable and natural reaction to the problem.
       
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    6. Damocles
      No Mood

      Damocles Member Podcast Patron Benefactor Hall of Fame

      Location:
      England
      Tinnitus Since:
      2009
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Otitis media
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    7. AUTHOR
      AUTHOR
      Peter Q

      Peter Q Member

      Location:
      Ireland
      Tinnitus Since:
      2009
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Unknown
      My point is that susceptibility to perception of tinnitus is influenced by the factors I list. As is the strength of reaction to tinnitus.
       
    8. patorjk
      No Mood

      patorjk Member Benefactor

      Tinnitus Since:
      2008
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Several reasons
      My daughter has ASD and ADHD. No tinnitus, but she's only 6. My dad, myself, and 2 of my brothers all have tinnitus (my 3rd brother died last year, not sure if he had tinnitus) - none of us have ASD though.
       
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    9. UKBloke
      Caffeine

      UKBloke Member Benefactor Hall of Fame

      Tinnitus Since:
      1991
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Loud Music / family history
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    10. Damocles
      No Mood

      Damocles Member Podcast Patron Benefactor Hall of Fame

      Location:
      England
      Tinnitus Since:
      2009
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Otitis media
      @Peter Q is right.

      Recently I have suffered from:

      • the fixed idea that I need a real physiological treatment.
      • a lack of attention to the outside/external environment as a result of having to spend most of my time indoors to avoid the plethora of noises outdoors that will detonate the sonic bomb inside my head.
      • an excessive self focus brought on by hearing the sound of my own heartbeat everywhere I go with earplugs in (that's everywhere not in my own silent apartment; where I can also hear my heartbeat, because pulsatile tinnitus).
      • more excessive self focus brought on by the fact I spend most of my time indoors (see "a lack of attention") having to pace around my apartment for my hourly computer/reading breaks, with no choice but to stare at myself in the mirror and acknowledge how attractive I (still) am (despite the lack of sleep).
      • (unmentioned by @Peter Q) an inability to focus due to a deafening uproar inside my head/ears 24/7.
      So it seems I must have ADHD, which suggests (if I'm interpreting this thread correctly) that I may also be predisposed to tinnitus...

      R.png
       
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    11. Lurius
      Sad

      Lurius Member Benefactor Hall of Fame

      Location:
      Oslo, Norway
      Tinnitus Since:
      September 2018
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Valsalva maneuver
      There are several people on this forum with autism and tinnitus. I'm one of them. I will let the others come forth by themselves, as I'm not a fan of outing anyone without their blessing. I also know several other people with the tinnitus + autism combo outside of this forum. It's definitely not just a coincidence. Autistic people handle stress worse than neurotypicals, are more subjected to stress than neurotypicals and their sensory input is more sensitive as well. When my mom got tinnitus in 2004, I remember my greatest fear shifted from "dying horribly in some kind of accident" to "getting tinnitus", as I was just 20 years old back then and undiagnosed, but I still knew that sounds was affecting my brain differently than everyone around me.

      I think fate has a poetic-ironic way of flipping you the bird this way.
       
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