Prevalence of Tinnitus and Hyperacusis in Children and Adolescents: a Systematic Review

Discussion in 'Research News' started by Markku, Jun 4, 2016.

    1. Markku

      Markku Director Staff Benefactor Hall of Fame Advocate

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      Prevalence of Tinnitus and Hyperacusis in Children and Adolescents: a Systematic Review

      Eligibility criteria
      Studies addressing childhood prevalence, for example, children and young people aged 5–19 years.

      Having identified 1032 publications, 131 articles were selected and 25 articles met the inclusion criteria and had sufficient methodological consistency to be included. Prevalence estimates of tinnitus range from 4.7% to 46% in the general paediatric population and among children with normal hearing, and from 23.5% to 62.2% of population of children with hearing loss. Reported prevalence ranged from 6% to 41.9% when children with hearing loss and normal hearing were both included. The prevalence of hyperacusis varied from 3.2% to 17.1%.

      Data on prevalence vary considerably according to the study design, study population and the research question posed. The age range of children studied was varied and a marked degree of variation between definitions (tinnitus, hyperacusis) and measures (severity, perception, annoyance) was observed. The lack of consistency among studies indicates the necessity of examining the epidemiology of tinnitus and hyperacusis in children and adolescents with a set of standardised criteria.


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