In Vitro Model for Drug Testing

Discussion in 'Research News' started by jazz, Apr 8, 2013.

    1. jazz
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      jazz Member Benefactor

      Tinnitus Since:
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      eardrum rupture from virus; barotrauma from ETD
      New system developed to help shorten the time needed for tinnitus drug testing. Article is two years old. Wonder if any lab/organization/company has implemented the authors' model?

      Here's the link:

      Eur J Pharmacol. 2011 Sep 30;667(1-3):188-94. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.05.070. Epub 2011 Jun 2.
      An in vitro model for testing drugs to treat tinnitus.

      Wu C, Gopal K, Gross GW, Lukas TJ, Moore EJ.

      Department of Biology, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203, USA.

      Tinnitus affects approximately 50 million people in the USA alone, with 10 million being highly debilitated. Pharmacotherapy for tinnitus is still in emerging stages due to time consuming clinical trials and/or animal experiments. We tested a new cellular model where induced rapid neuronal firing or spiking was used as a mimic for the type of aberrant activity that may occur in tinnitus. Spontaneously active auditory cortical networks growing on microelectrode arrays were exposed to pentylenetetrazol (PTZ), a proconvulsant and an antagonist of GABA(A) receptor, which is implicated in tinnitus. Auditory cortical networks were then exposed to experimental tinnitus drugs linopirdine (Dup966, a potassium channel blocker), L-carnitine (an antioxidant), or selective Ca(2+) channel antagonists pregabalin (Lyrica), or gabapentin (Neurontin) at various concentrations. PTZ increased spike rate by 139.6±27% and burst rate by 129.7±28% in auditory cortical networks with a phenotypic high firing of excitable neurons. Reductions of increased activity were observed to varying degrees using the experimental tinnitus drugs. The potency of the drugs was linopirdine (EC(50): 176±7.0 μM)>L-carnitine (EC(50): 1569±41 μM)>pregabalin (EC(50): 8360±340 μM), >gabapentin, with 34.2±7.5% efficacy (EC(50): 2092±980 μM). These studies provide proof of principle for the use of auditory cortical networks on microelectrode array as a feasible platform for semi-high throughput application for screening of drugs that might be used for the treatment of tinnitus.
      Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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