Cognitive Performance in Chronic Tinnitus Patients

Discussion in 'Research News' started by Frédéric, Sep 17, 2019.

    1. Frédéric

      Frédéric Member Benefactor

      Location:
      Marseille, France
      Tinnitus Since:
      11/19/2012
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      acoustic trauma
      Cognitive Performance in Chronic Tinnitus Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the RBANS-H.

      Abstract
      OBJECTIVE:
      Many tinnitus patients report cognitive deficits such as concentration and attention difficulties. The aim of this study was to comprehensively assess cognitive functioning in tinnitus patients using a standardized test battery, the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status adjusted for hearing impaired individuals (RBANS-H).

      STUDY DESIGN:
      Cross-sectional study.

      SETTING:
      Tertiary referral center.

      PARTICIPANTS:
      Twenty-eight chronic tinnitus patients and 28 control participants, matched for sex, age, hearing loss, and education level.

      INTERVENTION:
      Diagnostic.

      MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
      All participants completed the RBANS-H, which includes subtests probing immediate and delayed memory, visuospatial capabilities, language, and attention. The tinnitus patients completed the tinnitus functional index (TFI), a visual analogue scale (VAS) measuring subjective mean tinnitus loudness and the hyperacusis questionnaire (HQ).

      RESULTS:
      The total RBANS-H scores did not differ between tinnitus patients and controls. However, on the language subscale, mean scores of the tinnitus group (97.6 ± 11.0) were significantly lower than those of controls (104.4 ± 12.0), with correction for sex, age, hearing level, and education level (general linear model: p = 0.034). Post hoc t tests revealed a specific deficit concerning the semantic fluency subtest (tinnitus: 19.5 ± 6.2; control: 23.1 ± 5.9; p = 0.015). VAS scores for tinnitus loudness were negatively correlated to scores on the RBANS-H attention subscale (r = -0.48, p = 0.012).

      CONCLUSIONS:
      The current study successfully employed the RBANS-H to provide a broader view on cognitive functioning in tinnitus patients. The results showed a specific negative influence of tinnitus on verbal fluency, which could be related to a deficit in executive cognitive control. Moreover, patients experiencing louder tinnitus performed worse on specific subtests concerning attention.

      https://journals.lww.com/otology-ne...nitive_Performance_in_Chronic_Tinnitus.5.aspx
       
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    2. foam

      foam Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      7/2019
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Unknown
      I've noticed myself a little wonky since I got tinnitus... A bit like being Vegan again... Just not quite as sharp.
       
    3. AUTHOR
      AUTHOR
      Frédéric

      Frédéric Member Benefactor

      Location:
      Marseille, France
      Tinnitus Since:
      11/19/2012
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      acoustic trauma
      Assessment of auditory working memory in normal hearing adults with tinnitus

      Purpose


      Tinnitus is characterized by the perception of sound without an existing external stimulus. The presence of tinnitus might be intolerable for many and can be sufficiently troublesome in hearing, sleep, thought processing, and other functional abilities, all of which can negatively impact the quality of life. Individuals with tinnitus may have decreased cognitive efficiency because tinnitus can adversely affect the other tasks being performed. The present study was taken up to evaluate auditory working memory using digit span tasks in adults with tinnitus.

      Methods
      The tasks administered included forward, backward, ascending, and descending digit span. Tinnitus Handicap Inventory questionnaire was administered on all the individuals with tinnitus, and also, it was attempted to correlate the scores of auditory working memory with that of tinnitus handicap inventory.

      Results
      The results indicated poorer scores for backward, ascending and descending digit span task and no significant difference for the forward digit span task. There was no correlation between auditory working memory tasks and overall tinnitus handicap scores along with its sub-scales.

      Conclusion
      It was concluded that tinnitus disrupts the functioning of auditory working memory and is governed by the annoyance caused by tinnitus.

      Keywords
      Tinnitus Cognitive processing Auditory working memory Tinnitus handicap

      Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00405-019-05658-4
       
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    4. Daniel Lion
      Ape-like

      Daniel Lion Member Podcast Patron Benefactor Hall of Fame

      Location:
      SE Asia
      Tinnitus Since:
      2017
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Noise trauma, hearing loss
      Yep... brain damage will slow you down for sure.
      I am thinking of doing everything left handed, juggling, anything to keep the brain stimulated and pumped... I need to up my game and get hardcore... this disease is no good for the brain, especially if it’s severe.
       
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