Pitt Team Identifies Cause of Resilience to Tinnitus, Potential Drug Theraphy

Discussion in 'Research News' started by Roger Wolf, Aug 27, 2015.

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    1. Roger Wolf
      Arsey

      Roger Wolf Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      10/1014
      Came across this article...

      http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-08/uops-pti082715.php

       
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    2. derpytia
      Pooptoast

      derpytia Member

      Location:
      Rescue, California
      Tinnitus Since:
      04/2014
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Hearing loss / ETD
      Uh.... anyone wanna explain it to me in layman's terms? I'd appreciate it!
       
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    3. Danny Boy
      Cheerful

      Danny Boy Member Benefactor Hall of Fame

      Location:
      England
      Tinnitus Since:
      7/2014
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Ear infection
      It's basically that SF drug. It's basically trobalt but is more selective vs trobalt as trobalt work on 5 different channels, hence the side-effects. SF works on KV7.2 and KV7.3. Basically, it'll be a more potent version of trobalt with less side-effects. However, they aren't even in phase 1 yet and Autifony will be out sooner and really if Autifony works it may be pointless for their drug to be released for tinnitus (They are epilepsy first). Then again, I know that the KV7.2 and 3 channels are to do with excitability, so it could work even better than Autifony, but really we won't know until they test it on people.

      KCNQ genes encode five Kv7 K+ channel subunits (Kv7.1–Kv7.5). Four of these (Kv7.2–Kv7.5) are expressed in the nervous system. Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 are the principal molecular components of the slow voltage-gated M-channel, which widely regulates neuronal excitability.
       
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    4. passerby
      Lurking

      passerby Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      God only knows...
      It's basically not about drugs (at least not specifically SF0034), but about identifying ion channels responsible for the induction of tinnitus. As a specific note is the involvement of a new channel, HCN.
      • "Our results highlight KCNQ2/3 and HCN channels as potential targets for designing novel therapeutics that may promote resilience to tinnitus." (Abstract, page 2)
      • "...we propose that a combination of drugs that enhance KCNQ2/3 and reduce HCN channel activity represents a potent therapeutic approach that will enhance resilience and reduce vulnerability to tinnitus." (page 20)
      The above quotes express the therapeutic angle proposed to prevent and possibly treat tinnitus. It should be noted however that the GAP detection model has been criticized in scientific circles: the results produced may not be replicable in humans. Human testing is therefore an important step (for proof-of-concept).

      The literature also introduces new concepts such as "resilience to tinnitus" and "vulnerability to tinnitus" (important new terms).

      Full text attached.

      a (concerned) passerby
       

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    5. Silvio Sabo
      Pooptoast

      Silvio Sabo Member Benefactor

      Location:
      Gothenburg, Sweden
      Tinnitus Since:
      05/2006
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Noise - I think

      It will never be pointless for them to release yet another drug, even if Autifony works. The more variation of drugs there are the better the chance that we can treat people. For every drug you will always have non-responders that won't be helped so having options is vital.
       
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    6. Danny Boy
      Cheerful

      Danny Boy Member Benefactor Hall of Fame

      Location:
      England
      Tinnitus Since:
      7/2014
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Ear infection
      I meant that having less side-effects is important. We don't know what side-effects KV7.2 does nor do we know the side-effects of KV7.3. But I will say that, according to Autifony the KV3 channels are the most important for tinnitus. The SF drug is being designed for epilepsy first and foremost.
       
    7. nills
      Barefooter

      nills Member Benefactor

      Location:
      Belgium
      Tinnitus Since:
      11/2009
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      acoustic trauma
      The reason why some SSRI`s work for some people and not for others is because the sub coding of the 5-ht receptors differs for each person. Some drugs might work on receptors that don`t do anything for one person but are the best bet for another ... I hope the story is different with these drugs and the receptor sites they target.
       
    8. Twitch

      Twitch Member

      Location:
      Earth
      Tinnitus Since:
      2014
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Unknown
      Abstract

      Vulnerability to noise-induced tinnitus is associated with increased spontaneous firing rate in dorsal cochlear nucleus principal neurons, fusiform cells. This hyperactivity is caused, at least in part, by decreased Kv7.2/3 (KCNQ2/3) potassium currents. However, the biophysical mechanisms underlying resilience to tinnitus, which is observed in noise-exposed mice that do not develop tinnitus (non-tinnitus mice), remain unknown. Our results show that noise exposure induces, on average, a reduction in KCNQ2/3 channel activity in DCN fusiform cells in noise-exposed mice by 4 days after exposure. Tinnitus is developed in mice that do not compensate for this reduction within the next 3 days. Resilience to tinnitus is developed in mice that show a re-emergence of KCNQ2/3 channel activity and a reduction in HCN channel activity. Our results highlight KCNQ2/3 and HCN channels as potential targets for designing novel therapeutics that may promote resilience to tinnitus.

      Full article: http://elifesciences.org/content/elife/early/2015/08/27/eLife.07242.full.pdf

      I spent 15-20 minutes reading and skipped over some sections but in summary, it talks about how tinnitus starts off with reduction in KCNQ2/3 channel activity. Those lucky 'resilient' folk who encounter temporary tinnitus , likely do so because their KCNQ2/3 channel activity returns to normal after 7 days.

      Those of us who are less fortunate, the reduced KCNQ2/3 channel activity is the beginning of a chain of events that causes neural plasticity resulting & chronic tinnitus. Deriving from the research, it appears that more research needs to be done on what changes occur elsewhere 7 days after the the reduced KCNQ2/3 channel activity which results in chronic tinnitus.

      The article also talks about the use of retigabine and its improved iteration, SF0034 claiming taking these drugs 30 minutes or up to 4 days after acoustic trauma until day 7 after exposure can result in resilience aka stopping tinnitus from becoming chronic as was found most of the mice models they tested.

      Although this doesn't really offer much hope for those of us with chronic tinnitus, it does help explain how tinnitus becomes chronic in a mice model. Kudos to Dr. Tzounopoulos and co
       
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    9. markoana

      markoana Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      2.2013
      Not just for us, but for all who will get t. in next 5 yaers. They will be chronic until this Pittsburgh stuff from Greek guys goes to the market... So, it looks like all hopes are in aut63
       
    10. Twitch

      Twitch Member

      Location:
      Earth
      Tinnitus Since:
      2014
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Unknown
      Autifony are ahead in that their AUT00063 is at phase 2. It's also worthy to note that both drug target different areas. AUT00063 targets Kv3 channels whereas SF0034 targets Kv7.2/3 channels. Would be interesting to see how a concoction of both works :D
       
    11. Bertman
      No Mood

      Bertman Member Benefactor

      Location:
      canada
      Tinnitus Since:
      07/2015
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      concert
      Now that sounds like a silence party to me:rockingbanana:
       
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    12. markoana

      markoana Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      2.2013
      Maybe combination of those 2 will be fatal for most of t suffers... But we do not have still any information abt SF34, dates of trials, nothing...I doubt it can come to market before 2023...and one more bad side is that is gonna be an aepileptic drug at the firts place :/
       
    13. locoyeti
      Sunshine

      locoyeti Member Benefactor

      Tinnitus Since:
      2/2014
      this is a good synopsis, but I think the HCN channel involvement is pretty exciting.

      I found two quotes to be informative:

      "our results suggest that it is the recovery in KCNQ2/3 channel activity, not the lack of reduction in KCNQ2/3 currents, which is linked with the resilience to tinnitus."

      "biophysical changes that are associated with increases in fusiform cell spontaneous firing rates lead to tinnitus, while biophysical changes that maintain normal levels of spontaneous firing rates are associated with tinnitus resilience. "

      this is a cool image:

      upload_2015-9-3_17-59-4.png


      this raises the question of whether it is sufficient merely to affect the KCNQ2/3 channels. perhaps concurrently taking a drug that lowers HCN activity might augment the process. incidentally there are drugs that affect HCN channels. I found just one post on this site from someone who had a reduction in their T with Tenex (Guanfarine), which is a HCN modulator:
      https://www.tinnitustalk.com/threads/my-tinnitus-has-been-lower-since-taking-tenex.5281/

      i am doing fine with my T, so I am not so motivated to try this experiment on myself, but it might be possible to take retigabine with Tenex and get some drastic improvement.

      another quote:
      " besides targeting KCNQ2/3 channel activators for preventing tinnitus, manipulations that hyperpolarize the fusiform cell RMP may also provide additional therapeutic approaches. "

      another:
      "we propose that coordinated plasticity of potassium and HCN channels may represent a general biophysical strategy for achieving neuronal homeostasis "*

      *this quote is in the context of a general discussion about how homeostasis is achieved naturally.


      aaaand finally:
      "we propose that a combination of drugs that enhance KCNQ2/3 and reduce HCN channel activity represents a potent therapeutic approach that will enhance resilience and reduce vulnerability to tinnitus. Moreover, simultaneous pharmacological enhancement of KCNQ 2/3 and reduction of HCN channel activity is expected to act synergistically in stabilizing spontaneous firing rates in fusiform cells. This synergistic effect may in turn reduce the required concentration for each individual drug to exert its effect and therefore may lead to increased potency and reduced toxicity."
      that last part means that if someone were brave enough to try this, they wouldn't need to take a lot of the drug. if i read this paper last year, i would seriously consider taking small dosages of each and see what the effect would be.
       

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    14. ruben ruiz

      ruben ruiz Member

      Location:
      Tucson, AZ
      Tinnitus Since:
      2012
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      I believe it was meds and stress
      What about hyperacusis?
       
    15. markoana

      markoana Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      2.2013

      @Christian78 maybe this combination is gonna make your usage of trobalt extremly potent again!?

      PS.Very informative @locoyeti!
       
    16. Christian78
      Alone

      Christian78 Member

      Location:
      Gothenburg
      Tinnitus Since:
      (Sep 2013)
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      progressive tinnitus, time of expiring in next 3-6 months

      There is possibility, but same is for autifony if people get resistant so they will be able to use it again...
       
    17. Christian78
      Alone

      Christian78 Member

      Location:
      Gothenburg
      Tinnitus Since:
      (Sep 2013)
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      progressive tinnitus, time of expiring in next 3-6 months
      google it. oversensiti to certain sounds
       
    18. markoana

      markoana Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      2.2013
      Well about autifony it could be just guessing, maybe it will be long term use as cardio drugs, ephilepsy drugs, or it would be permanent reduction of sound (silence) after few months of usage. Who knows...

      But this HCN channel involvement is very interesting, maybe he is more important than autifony team suppose... :/
       
    19. Nucleo

      Nucleo Member Benefactor

      Tinnitus Since:
      02/2011
      This mechanism may explain how some people got great benefits from taking trobalt when their tinnitus was relatively in the early stages, such as @Mpt or @Danny Boy.

      Perhaps a trial using Trobalt after acoustic trauma instead of going for prednisone or AM-101 would not be an outlandish idea.
       
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    20. Danny Boy
      Cheerful

      Danny Boy Member Benefactor Hall of Fame

      Location:
      England
      Tinnitus Since:
      7/2014
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Ear infection
      If only I had trobalt within the first week.
       
    21. Nucleo

      Nucleo Member Benefactor

      Tinnitus Since:
      02/2011
      Yeah I don't think anyone on this planet tried trobalt this early. It's certainly less of a long shot than anything else out there.
       
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    22. Danny Boy
      Cheerful

      Danny Boy Member Benefactor Hall of Fame

      Location:
      England
      Tinnitus Since:
      7/2014
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Ear infection
      Yep....I had this woman on facebook, she lived near me and I messaged her telling her I could cure her, she won't suffer anymore and I was willing to give her trobalt for free. I wanted to see if it had the potential to cure in the earliest stages. She didn't respond and blocked me. Odd really?
       
    23. Dutchy
      Not worthy

      Dutchy Member Benefactor

      Location:
      Netherlands
      Tinnitus Since:
      12/2014
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Neuronmodulation suggests noise induced?
      Correct me if i'm wrong but are these meds based on early-stage T? or are they also countering the effects of long-termT?.I mean is there a point where T is irreversible?.
       
    24. grate_biff
      No Mood

      grate_biff Member

      Location:
      Oslo, Norway
      Tinnitus Since:
      09/2014
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      aucustic trauma, benzo withdrawl or both
      Well, I firmly believe, as @benryu have stated many times, that it really doesn´t matter how long you have had T for when it comes to drugs acting directly on the brain. eg KV modulators. There may be some inertia issues, meaning one has to stay on a drug for longer duration for the wanted effect, but other than that it really doesn´t matter. I can´t back this up scientifically, but no one can prove it´s not the case either.
       
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    25. Carlos Galiano

      Carlos Galiano Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      12/2014
    26. Mithrandir
      Ape-like

      Mithrandir Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      10/2015
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Acoustic Trauma + NIHL
      Some ENT in France give prednisolone + AED (small dosage) for emergency treatment after acoustic trauma (with good results)...
      But stupid Doctors & ENT (95%) give prednisolone+piracetam (useless for the last one)
      That's a question of education...I take the prescription 4 months after my trauma...

      The list is
      1/neurontin
      2/tegretol
      3/depakine
      4/topiramate
      5/klonazepam


      No trobalt cause I think they're afraid by it, trobalt is too young...
       
    27. RaZaH
      Not amused

      RaZaH Member Benefactor Team Tech

      Location:
      Reykjavík, Iceland
      Tinnitus Since:
      2012/04
      Cause of Tinnitus:
      Benzo + loud noise
      And this was achieved after your trial withTrobalt, right ?
      Sry if I am confusing you with someone else :)
       
    28. jay-alex

      jay-alex Member

      Tinnitus Since:
      09/2015
      This makes sense to me. Treatments for tinnitus will probably be a combination of things, whether it be medication, rTMS, therapy, or some combination of these things.

      I won't venture to say "this is it" but there may be some promise here. The findings here could also provide a possible explanation for why AUT0063 didn't pan out. Considering the relationship between the HCN and K+ channels, it could just be that both have to be tackled at once to treat tinnitus.

      This also makes me wonder how SF0034 is doing. Maybe SF0034 or AUT0063 in combination with another new medication could provide a bit of relief in affected individuals.
       
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